Assessment in schools has always been a delicate area because assessments have so many facets to them. These include 1) what is being assessed, 2) who is being assessed, 3) who will read the assessment and 4) what are the consequences of the assessment.
As Patti Shank points out, “There are two levels of objectives, and each level is ideally assessed using a different type of assessment. Declarative objectives ask learners to remember or recall facts and concepts. … (&) Procedural objectives ask learners to apply what they know in realistic or real situations.” Online assessment need to ensure they can determine the students ability in procedural objectives.
These ‘essential intellectual abilities’ are falling through the cracks in conventional classrooms. In an online environment, the opportunities for students to explore nuanced competencies has been greatly improved and assessment must ensure that it reflects these changes and opportunities.
Wiggins, Grant (1990). The case for authentic assessment. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2(2). Retrieved on November 20, 2018 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=2&n=2
Faculty Focus | Higher Ed Teaching & Learning. (2009). Assessing Online Learning: Strategies, Challenges and Opportunities. Retrieved on November 20, 2018 from https://www.facultyfocus.com/free-reports/assessing-online-learning-strategies-challenges-and-opportunities/.